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5 Gallon Bucket D.W.C. Do it Yourself Guide

Operation 420

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Hi everyone! I posted this on my blog and got an excellent response. So i thought I would post it here to help anyone new to dwc and hydro. It is a very simple set up. Enjoy. :)

This guide is to show how to make a simple 5 gallon bucket deep water culture system. You will need a few things, but overall it is very simple and most items can be bought at local stores.

The items you will need include:

1. 1- 5 gallon bucket - Preferably black to keep light out. If not, it's ok, you can use tape to cover the bucket if it is white or a lighter color.[3-4 dollars]

2. A net/mesh lid - Ask your local hydroponics store if they have a 6" or 10" mesh lid for 5 gallon buckets. [4-5 dollars]

3. Hydroton - You will need no more than a 10 liter bag. (If using the 6" net lid, you will have a lot leftover for other buckets) [Around 10 dollars]

4. An air pump - I suggest a 5-15 gallon pump. Go to your local pet store, or major store that has a pet department. 5-7 dollars

5. Tubing, get the tubing when you get your pump, it is very cheap. [1.50-2.50 dollars]

6. Air Stone - Get one that fits obviously. And one that gives you a lot of bubbles. [1.50-3 dollars]

Now to set it up. It is a very easy process. The below diagram will show you exactly how it works.

After you have it all set up, it is time to add your nutrients. Nutrient strength will vary depending on how old your plant is, so check your nutrient labels, or you can check our nutrient feeding schedule page at xxx.marijuana-strain-spot.com .

If you have a young plant, you want your water level to be high enough so the bubbles burst on the hydroton. If the hydroton is getting wet, the rockwool will too. Check it to make sure though.

Once your plant is bigger and the roots are longer, you can lower your water level accordingly.

Some of the biggest indoor plants I've seen were grown using a 5 gallon bucket. You will enjoy the benefits of quicker growing plants, while using less nutrients to feed them.

Well, that's it, now you now how to make a 5 gallon bucket dwc system. If this was helpful, subscribe to Strain Spot and check back, because we will be adding more guides in the future. Good luck, and happy growing!
 

OGKushman

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Hello and welcome!

Small improvement:
What i did was use 2 buckets. the top bucket held the netpot with clone in rockwool and hydroton had holes drilled in the bottom of the bucket. This set on the second bucket.

This way you can lift the plant out of the res and not disturb the roots.

Even better was hooking up a peacock drain valve fitting so the plant never had to move.
 

OGKushman

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Like this:

itll save u some headaches and your plants will grow happier without having their roots disturbed.


this is a REALLY old mama. :)
:peace:

c45afa62.jpg


714becf1.jpg
 

Operation 420

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Awesome tip. I just used an extra bucket and switched them over, but your method is great for not disturbing the roots. Very cool, thanks for the input.:D
 

guerillaweedfare

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thats it I'm definitely making one of these for my next grow. seems simple enough...so you drill holes in the bottom of the top bucket and the airstone stays in the lower bucket, allowing the bubbles to flow through the holes and to your roots?

sry im new to this whole hydro game...
 

EDGY

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No, I would think the airstone would stay in the bottom of the TOP bucket - let the water drain out and just drop it into the next bucket. You would never need to use a pump and you would never have to expose the roots to light except to check them. Genius!!!
 

Operation 420

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guerillaweedfare said:
sry im new to this whole hydro game...
Starting to grow hydroponically can seem pretty complicated at first, but once you get the basic principles down it's rather easy. You're just using water/nutrients with air bubble aeration as your medium. The plants are always fed, and they don't suffocate, because the bubbles provide the Co2 to the roots. :)
 

fruity86

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insteed of DWC why not check out RDWC multi bucket's controled from one bucket its a piece of cake there a diy in my sig
piece fruity
 
W

woodydude

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^^^^^^
Im with Fruity,,,,, no, not like that!!!!

I do use both methods, dwc for veg and rdwc for flower, once the girls go into flower, you NEVER have to move them for checking ph, topping up, anything. Just when its time for harvest.

Prefer dwc for veg though as I run perpetual harvests, harvesting 3 plants every 2 weeks.

I tried flood & drain before and results were nowhere near as good as this deep water stuff!!
JMO W
 

my my

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Welcome 420.
Woody, im with you, i like the RDWC i built for flower.
just starting up a veg room with dwc buckets as well.
the double bucket method is pretty smart ideal OG!
My My
 

Hick

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Operation 420 said:
they don't suffocate, because the bubbles provide the Co2 to the roots. :)
:confused2:.. "c02"????
1. The magnitude of CO2 uptake and fixation by Xanthium plant roots was reinvestigated in an attempt to explain unexpectedly low C14/C12 ratios of tree leaves with regard to fixation of radiocarbon of nuclear-test origin. 2. It was found that plants derive relatively insignificant amounts of carbon from CO2 via the roots, and the minute amounts that are incorporated are approximately one hundred times less than the amount lost by root respiration.
hxxp://www.jstor.org/pss/2473046

"Although several investigators have claimed that plants should receive little direct benefit from dissolved CO2 (Stolwijk et al., 1957; Skok et al., 1962; Splittstoesser, 1966), a number of experiments have produced significant increases in root growth (Erickson, 1946; Leonard and Pinckard, 1946; Geisler, 1963; Yorgalevitch and Janes, 1988), as well as yield itself (Kursanov et al., 1951; Grinfeld, 1954; Nakayama and Bucks, 1980; Baron and Gorski, 1986), with CO2-enriched irrigation water. Early on, Misra (1951) suggested that this beneficent effect may be related to CO2-induced changes in soil nutrient availability; and this hypothesis may well be correct. Arteca et al. (1979), for example, have observed K, Ca and Mg to be better absorbed by potato roots when the concentration of CO2 in the soil solution is increased; while Mauney and Hendrix (1988) found Zn and Mn to be better absorbed by cotton under such conditions, and Yurgalevitch and Janes (1988) found an enhancement of the absorption of Rb by tomato roots. In all cases, large increases in either total plant growth or ultimate yield accompanied the enhanced uptake of nutrients. Consequently, as it has been suggested that CO2 concentration plays a major role in determining the porosity, plasticity and charge of cell membranes (Jackson and Coleman, 1959; Mitz, 1979), which could thereby alter ion uptake and organic acid production (Yorgalevitch and Janes, 1988), it is possible that some such suite of mechanisms may well be responsible for the plant productivity increases often observed to result from enhanced concentrations of CO2 in the soil solution."
Although much is thus known about many aspects of root responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment, much remains to be learned. Nevertheless, it is abundantly evident that plant roots, like most other plant organs, typically do better in CO2-enriched air than in current ambient air.
hxxp://www.co2science.org/subject/r/summaries/roots.php

Now let's .."Ask ED"...
Adding CO2 to the water will not help the roots and in fact will hurt them. Plants use CO2 when they photosynthesize, the process which results in the production of sugar. Photosynthesis occurs only in areas of the plant that receive light and contain chlorophyll, the source of plants' green color. It is absorbed through pores called stomata. Roots have no chlorophyll and don't ordinarily come in contact with light so they have no use for CO2.
Plants use the sugars they have manufactured as a source of fuel. Their metabolism is similar to the method used by animals. Sugars, which are hydrocarbons, are chemically "burned" in a controlled reaction that occurs when they are combined with oxygen. Energy is released and the waste product CO2 is created.
Both CO2 and oxygen dissolve in water. When water is saturated with CO2 it cannot absorb oxygen so the roots have no source of the element oxygen, which is needed for their metabolism. This weakens the roots and promotes the growth of anaerobic bacteria, which thrive in oxygen-free environments and attack roots.
When water in a reservoir is circulated, it releases the dissolved CO2 to the air and dissolves oxygen. That's why circulating water in a reservoir using a pump is beneficial to roots: It removes the CO2 and supplies the water with oxygen.
hxxp://www.cannabisculture.com/v2/articles/4384.html
 
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I use individual buckets because I have a perpetual harvest with different strains that are different sizes and have different nutrient requirements. With a RDWC you do not have the ability to raise or lower individual buckets or individually control your nutes.

I also do not use 2 buckets. I simply lift the lid from one bucket to a fresh bucket when changing nutes--little if any stress to the roots.
 

pcduck

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:yeahthat:

except I went with a battery operated (kerosene) pump
 

nouvellechef

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Running lucas. You can generally run muli strains in rdwc. Some go good together, some dont.
 

OGKushman

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*and in OP is says 10" lid. A 5gallon bucket is 12" wide
 

Operation 420

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OGKushman said:
*and in OP is says 10" lid. A 5gallon bucket is 12" wide
The net itself is 10". 6" nets and 10" nets ;)

Thanks for the tip Fruity, but as I said this is meant to be simple. Nothing you will need power tools for.
 

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